Japanese uses up to four different scripts simultaneously kanji, hiragana, katakana and romaji but you can write any text using the kana alone, which makes these two syllabaries the key to learning Japanese. Although there are probably thousands of kana charts online and offline, I could never find one that would be compact and comprehensive enough and finally decided to designed my own.
It has since been updated a number of times and used by tens of thousands of Japanese LinguaLift users. Japanese writing is based on a system of strokes. A stroke is defined as the line from when the pencil touches the paper to when it is lifted from the paper.
Some kana can be written in a single stroke, others in two or more. Although it is possible to write any character in any possible way, I would strongly suggest that you stick to the same stroke order that is taught in Japanese schools, and stuck to by most of the Japanese population. Now try and do the same again, about five or six times, until the curve comes naturally. Notice that the thickness of the line changes somewhat throughout the stroke, starting off broad and then narrowing in.
Hiragana & katakana chart and writing practice trace sheet
Download the practice sheet PDF and print it a number of times, making sure to practise writing the character at a smaller, more natural size as well as nice and big. Japanese pronunciation guide. Then move onto the other characters. Hiragana writing practice PDF. Katakana writing practice PDF.You will be given 20 minutes to work on the test. If you are taking this test in a regular classroom, it will be collected at the end of 20 minutes. If you are taking this test online, you need to click on the "Submit" button at the end of the test.
After you click on "Submit", your answers will be emailed automatically to your instructor. If you hit Enter, you will submit this page before you finish it. Please submit your answers to the instructor by the time stated by the instructor. If you have any questions, you must notify the instructor during the testing time.
During the test, you are allowed to look at ONLY this test page. Under any circumstance, you are NOT allowed to look at any other materials, textbooks, or class notes. Also, you are not allowed to consult with anyone in answering this test.
The following are basic Japanese expressions introduced so far. Fill in the blanks by writing or copy-pasting if you are an online student; no typing is allowed the appropriate Hiragana for the following expressions in Romaji. Be careful with double vowels. Listen to to the instructor. By clicking the "Submit" button below, you are indicating that you have completed your Hiragana Katakana Test according to the instructions at the top of this test.
You are allowed to click the "Submit" button below only once. Make sure you have answered all of the questions. If successfully submitted, you will see your "Hiragana Katakana Test-Submitted" page. Just in case, please save the next submission page as a separate file Use "Save as" command of your browser. If the file you sent somehow does not reach me, you will be asked to submit the saved file. Hiragana Test Sample for Japanese Learning Japanese is quite challenging, but Duolingo is here to help!
These are the vowels, and pronounce as short vowel sounds. This is easy to say but very hard to do for English speakers. This would be one of the best advice to keep in mind as you read Japanese in Romanized letters Romaji.
Reading those vowels with short sounds will definitely help you pronounce the rest of the Hiragana. This is the top row of the Hiragana chart from left to right with the irregular words added at the end. So, the rest of the chart will be the same: a consonant followed by a vowel. This is the way the Japanese students learn hiragana by memorizing the top row. Once you learn the vowels, the rest is quite systematic.
In Japan, scripts can be written horizontally or vertically. Hiragana chart is usually written in the vertical writing top-bottom in the same way as in school textbooks for Language Arts and newspapers. Most literatures are also published in vertical format. However, more and more books are written in horizontal writing left-right as you see in digital world. Manga frames still tend to flow in right-to-left horizontal direction just as in the hiragana chart.
Knowing this, you'll also be able to avoid the common mistake of saying "Poke-EE-mon"! For those who know kana both hiragana and katakanathere should be the option to not see romaji, and allow for not having to relearn kana when you know it. Waste of time.
Also, allowing people to type out their own Japanese sentences instead of picking out from the bubble options, and speech practise. Those add-ons in your Japanese settings would help a lot. I agree, there should be ones with just audio, with the multiple choice of the hiragana and katakana, instead of seeing the english sounds, it would help me a lot. However, I am a big fan of your suggestion for opting out of romaji and learning kana.
They should have a skills test for kana in the beginning and if you pass, you just skip to the initial vocab they would have integrated with the kana lessons. I only started three days ago. Not knowing any kana.
Hiragana Reading Practice: The Monkey and The Crab
And would agree about the romanji its kind of off putting and being able to write out would be great. I agree. I just started and downloaded a separate app for learning to write. Also, it would be good to have a section for learning the katakana. The intro to hiragana was great for me.
But, not having the same for katakana is a drawback. Stroke order is a waste of time, unless one would want to learn Japanese forever instead of learning fast with radicals and mnemonics! I wonder why this is not directly below the very first lesson. It would be so useful if it were, with sound files when you click on each character. So I started with the first lesson of Hirigana the other night and thought to myself "I feel like there should be an introduction because they're just throwing things at me and it's confusing and a little demoralizing.
It just felt like total unorganized jargon to me but now I can see the chart and know that consonants and vowels are deliberately aligned and suddenly it all makes sense.
Now onto your first actual lesson. I just started Hiragana 2.Test your knowledge of Japanese Hiragana. Please choose the pronounciation that best matches the character shown.
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Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process. Report this User Report this user for behavior that violates our Community Guidelines. Send Report.It is a phonetic lettering system. The word hiragana literally means "ordinary" or "simple" kana "simple" originally as contrasted with kanji.
Hiragana and katakana are both kana systems. With one or two minor exceptions, each sound in the Japanese language strictly, each mora is represented by one character or one digraph in each system. Hiragana is used to write okurigana kana suffixes following a kanji root, for example to inflect verbs and adjectivesvarious grammatical and function words including particlesas well as miscellaneous other native words for which there are no kanji or whose kanji form is obscure or too formal for the writing purpose.
Hiragana is also used to write furiganaa reading aid that shows the pronunciation of kanji characters. Of the 50 theoretically possible combinations, yi and wu do not exist in the language, and yewi and we are obsolete or virtually obsolete in modern Japanese. Romanization of the kana does not always strictly follow the consonant-vowel scheme laid out in the table.
These basic characters can be modified in various ways.
This changes the i vowel sound to a glide palatalization to au or o. Those in bold do not use the initial sound for that row.
In modern Japanese, these phonemes have been phased out of usage and only exist in the extended katakana digraphs for approximating foreign language words. For a more thorough discussion on the sounds of Japanese, please refer to Japanese phonology. This has not always been the case: a previous system of spelling, now referred to as historical kana usagediffered substantially from pronunciation; the three above-mentioned exceptions in modern usage are the legacy of that system.
These pairs are not interchangeable. There are some exceptions. If the first two syllables of a word consist of one syllable without a dakuten and the same syllable with a dakutenthe same hiragana is used to write the sounds.
For compound words where the dakuten reflects rendaku voicing, the original hiragana is used. However, this does not apply when kanji are used phonetically to write words that do not relate directly to the meaning of the kanji see also ateji.
Neither of these components have anything to do with 'lightning', but together they do when they compose the word for 'lightning'. This is the basis of the word game shiritori.
These are clearly distinct from the nani etc. In Hepburn romanization, they are distinguished with an apostrophe, but not all romanization methods make the distinction.In this blog, we share our own PDF learning Hiragana practice sheets, as well as links to some popular apps for learning Japanese.
For those interested in learning the basics of Japanese — please check out our Japanese Crash Course for Beginners. If you are just getting started with learning Hiragana — you may be thinking that it is easier to learn with an App. Apps are convenient and easy to take with you to practice using while you are out and about — however we also suggest that you do take some time to physically write the characters as it will cement them in your brain.
One for Hiragana and one for Katakana. In each app, they associate all the kana with pictures, making it easy for you to remember them. It also makes use of mnemonic hacks tying each character to a visual story-based meaning as compared to just rote memorization.
Mindsnacks has a visually appealing interface and the limited free version allows you to practice learning Hiragana and Katakana characters. If you are looking for a more analog way to practice and learn hiragana — we have included a sample of a few of the practice homework sheets from our Japanese Crash Course below:. Use the hiragana chart here to locate the correct symbol. Right click to save as — or left click to open. Ready to test your knowledge of Katakana and Hiragana?
Below we have included our online quiz which will allow you to test your knowledge interactively. Please enter your email:. If you are just starting to learn Japanese — we recommend you visit us for a free level check and interview to learn more about our Japanese courses in Tokyo.
Last Updated on February 12, Mindsnacks — Limited Free Edition.Just Reading HIRAGANA #02 [ANIMAL]
Hiragana Practice Chart. Please enter your email: 1. Loading ….